Madagascar is a large island located between the beautiful and the waves of the Indian Ocean, southeast of the African continent and is separated from the mainland by the Mozambique Canal. Despite less-developed economies, Madagascar has long been renowned as tourist paradise with spectacular natural scenery of rolling hills, vast rain forests and flora and fauna unique. Do you know…?
Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world
With over 1600km length axis and 570 km wide, Madagascar was ranked fourth in the list of the world’s largest island, after Greenland, Papua New Guinea and Borneo.
The huge volcanic mountains on the island with up to 2,876 m altitude, surrounded the central highlands and the vast rain forest. This unique island also houses the majestic sandstone cliffs on the west coast and the strange limestone forests in the north.
Many species in Madagascar can not find anywhere else
During 70 million years ago, Madagascar was isolated from the rest of the world after the turn is separated from the African continent and India. It is this isolation has created a flora and fauna unique to about 90% of the species that can not be found anywhere else on earth. Lemurs alone has more than 100 different species and subspecies. However, estimated that up to 16 species of which have become extinct since humans appeared on the island.
Madagascar is also home to the largest chameleon species and the world’s smallest – and Brookesia Parson. The exotic plant species on the island is also extremely rich, up to more than 6,000 species. You will encounter the thorn-covered tree trunks and huge baobab trees in Madagascar.
No lion or zebra
Famous animated film Madagascar Pixar has created a colorful world of the island. However, despite the fact that scours around the island, you can not find the lion, zebra, hippo and giraffe anywhere. Dwarf hippos lived here, but they became extinct nearly 1,000 years ago.
Nor has a tropical climate
A very strange aspect of this island is located in the region although tropical, it does not bring climate phenotype characteristic of this area. There are few places on the island extremely cold winter.
Lemurs are considered mascot
Everywhere on the island of Madagascar, lemurs always get the respect and maximum protection by the cultural rules. Many ancient legend that there is a special connection between lemurs and humans, usually through a common ancestor. In 2012, the majority of the island’s lemurs are classified as rare or endangered, need strict conservation.
The first people who arrived in Madagascar is Asia
Since 350 BC to 550 AD, the inhabitants of the island of Borneo – 3 now part of the national territory Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia – had to Madagascar on a canoe. Leveraging 500 years later, the new African to set foot on the island began. Time passed, the group of Asia, Africa, Europe turn to and settled in here, bring the cultural characteristics of their race.
Cuisine here reflects the cultural diversity
The dishes in Madagascar blends influences from the cuisines of Southeast Asia, Africa, India, China and Europe. Rice plays a key role in the daily diet – in fact, the verb “mihinam-Bary” in Malagasy language literally means “eat rice”. Garlic, onions, ginger, tomatoes, curry, coconut milk, vanilla, cloves and turmeric spices are common in the diet of the people present on the island. Zebu meat is frequently used materials, besides beans, green vegetables, bananas and rum. Madagascar is one of the barns offer vanilla, cloves and royal world’s largest orchid, also very well known for coffee, cotton and shrimp.
Before becoming a French colony, Madagascar is ruled by a woman
Ranavalona III, the last queen of the Kingdom of Madagascar has ruled the island from 1883 to 1897 before the French colonial regime and establish colonies. Her title is set in the power queen Ranavalona I (reigned from 1828 to 1861), who was an effort to protect the country’s sovereignty against European interference.
3 Heritage World in Madagascar you should not ignore
Reserve Biosphere Tsingy de Bemaraha
At this biosphere reserve area, erosion has created the limestone plains “Tsingy” nicely located alternately with the dry forests, lakes and mangroves make up the vast area to stay many rare species of birds and animals, including lemurs.
Royal Hill of Ambohimanga
Royal Hill of Ambohimanga is located in the highlands of central role of political nerve and spirituality to the people on the island since the 16th century This is the residence of many kings, venue for many ceremonies royal family is also sacred pilgrimage to this day.
6 national parks together make up the vast Atsinanana rainforest, the habitat of the species “exclusive” only in Madagascar rain forest ecosystems.